Cars

How we got here

The technology that underpins self-driving cars has been developed during years of careful research and experimentation. We are not newcomers – we have been working in the field of autonomous driving for the last decade. Our detailed research and continual technical advances mean we are perfectly placed to lead the self-driving revolution. 

2006

Collision warning with brake support – detects an imminent rear end collision and readies the brakes for use
Adaptive cruise control – keeps the car a set distance from the car in front
Lane departure warning – alerts the driver if they wander over lane markings

2007

Collision warning with auto brake – detects an imminent rear end collision and applies the brakes if necessary

2008

City Safety – uses infra-red detection, LIDAR, to help the driver in low speeds avoid colliding with the car in front, by applying the brakes if necessary

2009

Start of Safe Road Trains for The Environment project (SARTRE) – pioneering project to develop platooning of autonomous cars on highways

2010

Adaptive cruise control with queue assist – enhanced ACC that works in slow-moving traffic and will continue to work when traffic comes to a halt
Collision warning with full auto brake – uses radar and camera to alert the driver to an imminent rear end collision, applying full braking power if necessary
Pedestrian detection with full auto brake – detects pedestrians in the road and applies full braking power if a collision is imminent

2012

Traffic sign information – recognises road signs and displays them on the dash. Links to speed warning to advise of legal limits.
Park Assist Pilot – locates a parking space large enough and steers the car into it. The driver retains control of the gears and vehicle speed.
Cross-traffic alert – detects cars crossing the driver’s path when reversing out of a parking space or driveway
Lane-keeping aid – steers the car to keep in lane
Lane change merge aid (BLIS) – checks for fast-moving vehicles up to 70m behind the car and in the blind spot
Cyclist detection with full auto brake – spots cyclists and applies full braking power if a collision is imminent
Active high-beam control – automatically dips main beam for oncoming vehicles
SARTRE concept on public roads – autonomous platooning Volvos successfully and safely tested on open roads

2013

Autonomous parking concept demonstrated – a self-parking car controlled by mobile phone without the need for a driver in the car
Announcement of the Drive Me project – the world’s first large-scale trial of self-driving cars to start in 2017

2015

Pilot Assist – combines lane keeping and adaptive cruise control into one function to keep the car in lane and a set distance from the vehicle in front
Auto brake at intersection – automatically brakes the car if the driver turns into the path of an oncoming vehicle

The research papers

Our research into autonomous cars underpins the technology we develop.

Kircher, K., Larsson, A., & Andersson Hultgren, J. (2014). Tactical Driving Behavior with Different Levels of Automation. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 15(1), 158 – 167. doi:10.1109/TITS.2013.2277725

Larsson, A. F. L., Kircher, K., & Andersson Hultgren, J. (2014). Learning from experience: Familiarity with ACC and responding to a cut-in situation in automated driving. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 46. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2014.05.008

Larsson, A. F. L. (2012). Driver usage and understanding of adaptive cruise control. Applied Ergonomics, 43(3), 501–506. doi.org/10.1016/ j.apergo.2011.08.00

Lundgren M., Stenborg E., Svensson, L., Hammarstrand L. (2014). Vehicle self-localization using off-the-shelf sensors and a detailed map. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Proceedings p. 522-528. (2014)

J. Nilsson, A. Ödblom, and J. Fredriksson, Worst Case Analysis of Automotive Collision Avoidance Systems, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1–1, 2015

J. Nilsson, Computational Verification Methods for Automotive Safety Systems, Ph.D. Thesis, No 3654, ISSN 0346-718X, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden, 2014

J. Nilsson, J. Fredriksson, and A. C. E. Ödblom, Verification of Collision Avoidance Systems Using Reachability Analysis, in proceedings of the 19th IFAC World Congress, 2014, pp. 10676–10681

J. Nilsson, J. Fredriksson, and A. C. E. Ödblom, Reliable Vehicle Pose Estimation Using Vision and a Single-Track Model, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 2630–2643, Dec. 2014

J. Nilsson, P. Andersson, I. Y. H. Gu, and J. Fredriksson, Pedestrian Detection Using Augmented Training Data, 22nd International Conference on Pattern Recognition, pp. 4548–4553, 2014

J. Nilsson, J. Fredriksson, and A. C. E. Ödblom, Bundle Adjustment using Single-Track Vehicle Model, in 2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2013, pp. 2888–2893

J. Nilsson, A. C. E. Ödblom, J. Fredriksson, and A. Zafar, Using Augmentation Techniques for Performance Evaluation in Automotive Safety, in Handbook of Augmented Reality, 1st ed., B. Furht, Ed. Springer, 2011, pp. 631–649

J. Nilsson and A. C. E. Ödblom, On Worst Case Performance of Collision Avoidance Systems, in IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, 2010, pp. 1084–1091.

J. Nilsson, A. C. E. Ödblom, J. Fredriksson, A. Zafar, and F. Ahmed, Performance Evaluation Method for Mobile Computer Vision Systems using Augmented Reality, in IEEE Virtual Reality Conference, 2010, pp. 19–22

F. Sandblom, J. Sörstedt, Sensor data fusion for multiple configurations Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), 8-11 June 2014, Dearborne, Michigan, United States

L. Hammarstrand, F. Sandblom, L. Svensson, J. Sörstedt, Extended Object Tracking using a Radar Resolution Model, IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol.48, no.3, pp.2371-2386, July 2012

J. Sörstedt, L. Svensson, F. Bengtsson and L. Danielsson, A new vehicle motion model for improved predictions and situation assessment, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportations Systems, vol. 12, no. 4,pp. 1209-1219, Dec. 2011

J. Nilsson and J. Sjöberg, Strategic decision making for automated driving on two-lane, one-way roads using model predictive control, IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, pp. 1253-1258, Gold Coast, Australia, June, 2013

J. Nilsson, M. Ali, P. Falcone, and J. Sjöberg, Predictive manoeuvre generation for automated driving, IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transport Systems, pp. 418-423, The Hague, The Netherlands, October, 2013

J. Nilsson, Y. Gao, A. Carvalho, and F. Borrelli, Manoeuvre generation and control for automated highway driving, IFAC World Congress, pp, 6301-6306, Cape Town, South Africa. August, 2014

J. Nilsson, On decision-making and control for automated highway driving, Lic. Thesis, Chalmers University of Technology, 2014

J. Nilsson, P. Falcone, M. Ali, and J. Sjöberg, Receding horizon maneuver generation for automated highway driving, Control Engineering Practice, vol. 41, pp.124-133, August, 2015

Sörstedt J., Svensson L., Sandblom F., and Hammarstrand L., Longitudinal and lateral control for automated lane change maneuvers, American Control Conference, pp. 1399-1404, Chicago, IL, USA, July, 2015

Gray, Andrew; Ali, Mohammad; Gao, Yiqi; Hedrick, Karl; Borrelli, Francesco. A Unified Approach to Threat Assessment and Control for Automotive Active Safety. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol 14, no 3, pp 1490-1499 (2013)

Ali, Mohammad; Gelso, Esteban; Sjöberg, Jonas. Automotive Threat Assessment Design for Combined Braking and Steering Maneuvers. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol 62, no 4, pp 1519-1526, (2013)

Falcone, Paolo; Ali, Mohammad; Sjöberg, Jonas. Predictive Threat Assessment via Reachability Analysis and Set Invariance Theory. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol 12, no 4, pp1352-1361, (2011)

Kianfar, Roozbeh; Ali, Mohammad; Falcone, Paolo; Fredriksson, Jonas. Combined Longitudinal and Lateral Control Design for String Stable Vehicle Platooning within a Designated Lane. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, Qingdao, China, (2014)

Ali, Mohammad; Gray, Andrew; Gao, Yiqi; Hedrick, Karl; Borrelli, Francesco. Multi-Objective Collision Avoidance. ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, Palo Alto, USA, (2013)

Ali, Mohammad; Falcone, Paolo; Sjöberg, Jonas. Threat Assessment Design under Driver Parameter Uncertainty. 51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Maui, USA, (2012)

Gray, Andrew; Ali, Mohammad; Gao, Yiqi; Hedrick, Karl; Borrelli, Francesco. Vehicle Control for Road Departure and Obstacle Avoidance. IFAC Symposium on Control in Transportation Systems, Sofia, Bulgaria, (2012)

Gray, Andrew; Ali, Mohammad; Gao, Yiqi, Hedrick, Karl; Borrelli, Francesco. Integrated Threat Assessment and Control Design for Roadway Departure Avoidance. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, Anchorage, USA, (2012)

Ali, Mohammad; Falcone, Paolo; Sjöberg, Jonas. Model-Based Threat Assessment in Semi-Autonomous Vehicles with Model Parameter Uncertainties. 50th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control and European Control Conference, Orlando, USA, (2011).

Ali, Mohammad; Falcone, Paolo; Sjöberg, Jonas. Model-Based Threat Assessment for Lane Guidance Systems. American Control Conference, San Francisco, USA, (2011)

Ali, Mohammad; Olsson, Claes; Sjöberg, Jonas. Real-time Implementation of a Novel Safety Function for Prevention of Loss of Vehicle Control. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, Washington, USA, (2011)

Gelso, Esteban R.; Ali, Mohammad; Sjöberg, Jonas. Threat Assessment for Driver Assistance Systems using Interval-based Techniques. 18th IFAC World Congress, Milano, Italy, (2011)

Falcone, Paolo; Ali, Mohammad; Sjöberg, Jonas. Set-Based Threat Assessment in Semi-Autonomous Vehicles. IFAC Symposium Advances in Automotive Control, Munich, Germany, (2010)

Nilsson, Jonas; Ali, Mohammad. Sensitivity Analysis and Tuning for Active Safety Systems. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, Madeira, Portugal, (2010)

Sjöberg, Jonas; Coelingh, Erik; Ali, Mohammad; Brännström, Mattias; Falcone, Paolo. Driver Models to Increase the Potential of Automotive Active Safety Functions. Proceedings of 18th European Signal Processing Conference 2010, Aalborg, Denmark, (2010)

Ali, Mohammad; Sjöberg, Jonas. Impact of Different Vehicle Models on Threat Assessment in Critical Curve Situations. 21st International Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Stuttgart, Germany, (2009)

Ali, Mohammad; Olsson, Claes; Sjöberg, Jonas. Towards Predictive Yaw Stability Control. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Xian, China, (2009)

Ali, Mohammad; Falcone, Paolo; Sjöberg, Jonas. A Predictive Approach to Roadway Departure Prevention. 21st IAVSD Symposium on Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks, Stockholm, Sweden, (2009)