Trailer hitch and trailer

Driving with a trailer

Updated 11/10/2020

Driving with a trailer

There are a number of things to consider when towing a trailer, such as the towbar, the trailer and how the load is distributed in the trailer.

Load-carrying capacity is determined by the vehicle's curb weight. The total weight of all passengers and any installed accessories, e.g. towbar, reduces the vehicle's load-carrying capacity by the corresponding amount.

  • Towbars used on the vehicle must be approved for the applicable use.
  • Distribute the load on the trailer so that the weight on the towbar complies with the specified maximum towball weight. The tongue weight is calculated as part of the vehicle's payload.
  • Increase the tire pressure to the recommended pressure for a full load.
  • The electric motor is subjected to more load than usual when towing a trailer.
  • Towing a trailer affects the vehicle's handling, durability and driving economy.
  • Do not drive with a heavy trailer when the vehicle is very new. Wait until the mileage has reached at least 1000 km (620 miles).
  • Follow applicable regulations regarding permitted speed and weight.
  • Drive slowly when towing a trailer up a long and steep incline.
  • Avoid driving with a trailer on inclines of more than 12%.
  • Avoid overloading and other incorrect use.
  • The trailer's brakes must be balanced with the vehicle's brakes to help ensure safe stops (follow applicable local regulations).


  • Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper.
  • Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.
  • Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer for correct installation.
  • When towing a trailer, the trailer's safety chains or wire must be correctly fastened to the attachment points provided in the trailer hitch on the vehicle. The safety chain or wire must never be fastened to or wound around the towing ball.


The optional detachable trailer hitch may not be available in all markets or on all models. Consult your Volvo retailer.

Trailer weights


Please adhere to the recommendations provided for trailer weight. If the recommendations are not followed, the vehicle and trailer may be difficult to control during evasive maneuvers and braking.


The specified maximum trailer weights are those permitted by Volvo. National vehicle regulations may set additional restrictions on trailer weight and speed. The trailer hitches may be certified for higher towing weights than the vehicle is permitted to tow.

Driving in mountainous areas

In certain conditions, there is a risk of overheating when driving with a trailer. If overheating of the electric motor and drive system is detected, a warning symbol will illuminate in the instrument panel and a message will appear.

Parking on a hill

Depress the brake pedal.

Apply the parking brake.

Release the brake pedal.

Put chocks behind the wheels when the vehicle is parked on a hill with a trailer attached.

Starting on a hill

Depress the brake pedal.

Select gear position D or R and press the accelerator pedal.

The parking brake will release and the symbol in the instrument panel will go out. You can now drive the vehicle.

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